Kashmir has been the bone of contention between India and Pakistan since 1947 when the British left India. The creation of Pakistan was on the basis of the two-nation theory that Hindus and Muslims are separate nations and communities and cannot live together.
Pakistan claimed Kashmir in view of the fact that it was a Muslim majority state while India based its case on the instrument of accession signed by Maharajah Hari Singh the erstwhile ruler of Kashmir. Pakistan invaded Kashmir in 1948 and because of the dithering of Jawaharlal Nehru the Indian Prime Minister at that time the Indian army which was driving the Pakarmy aided tribals back was halted and Nehru foolishly accepted the cease-fire. The result was that Pakistan occupied 40% of Kashmir which Indian refer to as Pak occupied Kashmir a( POK) while Pak refers to it as Azad Kashmir remained with Pak.
Subsequently, India failed to consolidate the Kashmir accession to India and itself created hurdles in the integration with the mother nation by giving Kashmir a " special status". This has sparked separation tenedencies which have been exploited by the Pakistan trained militants. The Mujahaddin now fighting in Kashmir feel its a Jihad against Hindu rule and the situation is fast getting out of hand.
Since the beginning of this year the attacks have increased and now the mujaheddin have been attacking corps headquarters something that neverhappened earlier. The latest attack is at Nagrota and a hostage like the situation was created . Though 2 terrorists are killed the army has lost 7 men including 2 officers. This attack on the Corps HQ which is the biggest in India is certainly food for thought. Earlier there have been continuous attacks and battles all over the valley with the militants. One reason for the failure to win the battle in the Valley is the integration of Kashmir with the mother country and secondly, the kid glove treatment meted out to people who form the " Hurriat" a group who want to join Pakistan. Overall also there are many who are against the Indian state and that is not a good sign.
One can remember that the US army lost in Vietnam as it lost the support of the local populace. This may be happening in Kashmir and it is fast heading in the direction of Vietnam. Who is responsible for this state of affairs? It is the Indian government and the political leadership which never had the guts to integrate Kashmir. Now they are reaping the oats sowed by THEM.